Pierre-Joseph Redouté (1759 – 1840)
Pierre-Joseph Redouté was a painter and botanist from Belgium, known for his watercolours of roses, lilies and other flowers at Malmaison, many of which were published as large color stipple engravings. His nickname was "the Raphael of flowers" and has been called the greatest botanical illustrator of all time. Redouté was an official court artist of Marie Antoinette, and continued painting through the French Revolution and Reign of Terror, collaborating with some of the best botanists of the time. He produced over 2,100 published plates depicting over 1,800 different species, many never rendered before, from countries as far away as Japan, Australia and South Africa.